September 30, 2022

Simplifying the charter of United Nation-Part II- Membership and organs of United Nation

This is a part of the lawmatics series on ‘Simplifying the Charter of United Nation’. In our last article, we have discussed the purposes and principles of United Nation as per its charter. In this article, we will discuss chapter II and III.

Article 3-Original Members of the United Nations

The original Members of the United Nations were the states which participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or signed the Declaration by United Nations of January 1, 1942, signed the present Charter and ratified it.

United nation declaration 1942

Article 4- Qualification to be a Member

At present, all 194 nations of the world are the members of the United Nation. But, in its article 4 of charter, united nation organization declared that,

1. Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the

  • obligations contained in the present Charter and,
  • in the judgment of the Organization,
  • are able and willing to carry out these obligations.

2. The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a

  • decision of the General Assembly
  • upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Article 5- Suspension of the Membership

A Member of the United Nations against which preventive or enforcement action has been taken

  • by the Security Council may be suspended from the exercise of the rights and privileges of membership by the General Assembly,
  • upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
  • Restoration– The exercise of these rights and privileges may be restored by the Security Council.

(Thus, the admission and suspension of the membership is decided by general assembly upon the recommendation of the security council.)

Article 6 (expulsion from the membership)

A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the United Nation Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

CHAPTER III- Organs of the United Nation

Chapter III Provides the name of the Principles organs of United Nation.

Article 7 (Six Principles Organs)

1. There are established as the principal organs of the United Nations:

  • a General Assembly,
  • a Security Council,
  • an Economic and Social Council,
  • a Trusteeship Council,
  • an International Court of Justice, and
  • a Secretariat.

2. If necessary, Subsidiary Organs may also be found in accordance of this charter.

Article 8 (equality among gender)

The United Nations shall place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in-its principal and subsidiary organs.

Reference

Charter of United Nations